This page gives a brief overview of the details which should be found in each section of an SDS. For more information please visit the links at the bottom of the page.
This section identifies the chemical on the SDS as well as the recommended uses. Essential and required contact information can be found here. That information is:
- Product identifier used on the label
- Recommended use of the chemical
- Any other common names or synonyms by which the substance is known
- Phone number of the manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party
- Any restrictions on use
- Emergency phone number
This section identifies the hazards of the chemical presented on the SDS and the appropriate warning information associated with those hazards. That information is:
- The hazard classification of the chemical
- Signal words
- Precautionary statement(s)
- Hazard statement(s)
- Description of any hazards not otherwise classified
*For a mixture that contains an ingredient(s) with unknown toxicity, a statement containing the percentage of each of the ingredients in the mixture.
This section identifies the ingredient(s) contained in the product indicated on the SDS, including impurities and stabilizing additives. Included in this section are all information on mixtures, substances, and all chemicals where a trade secret is claimed.
- Chemical name
- Chemical name and synonyms
- Unique Identifiers (including CAS – Chemical Abstracts Service)
- Stabilizing additives and Impurities which can be classified as a chemical themselves
- All details necessary for each chemical in the mixture as listed in ‘Substances’
- A listing of all percentages of each chemical in the mixture
- A statement with the specific chemical identity
- Exact concentration (%) of composition has been withheld as a trade secret
This section details fire fighting recommendations for the chemical presented on the SDS. The required recommendations consists of suitable extinguishing equipment that is appropriate and also the equipment that is not appropriate for a particular situation. Recommendations for any chemical hazards that come up during a fire, reactions created by the fire of the chemical, and any products or safety equipment that should be used in reaction to said hazards.
This section details what steps should be taken in the event that the chemical presented on the SDS is accidentally released into the environment. Including detailing response measures, cleanup practices, and recommendations to minimize exposure, this section details the level of response based on the volume of contamination.
This section details safe storage practices for the chemical presented on the SDS. Along with safe storage practices for the chemical this section also details precautions for safe handling, any chemicals deemed incompatible, practices to minimize environmental releases, and general hygiene advice.
This section details minimizing worker exposure via personal protective equipment and procedures to prevent illness or injury from exposure. Safety exposure limits are established to provide workers with knowledge of the maximum amount of the chemical they should be exposed to as determined by several federal regulatory groups including OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs). Along with personal protection and exposure information use of recommended engineering controls and conditions.
This section details all of the physical and chemical properties for the chemical and/or mixture presented on the SDS. Only the relevant properties are listed here. The possible properties include but are not limited to:
- Appearance (physical state, color, etc)
- Evaporation rate
- Initial boiling point and boiling range
- Odor threshold
- Relative density
- Vapor density
- Auto-ignition temperature
- Flammability (solid, gas)
- Melting point / Freezing point
- Partition coefficient: n-octanol/water
- Vapor pressure
- Decomposition temperature
- Flash point
- Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits
This section details the chemical stability and reactivity hazards of the chemical presented on the SDS.
- Description of the test data regarding chemical reactivity which represent the anticipated hazard(s) of the chemical presented on the SDS
- Description of the stability or instability of the chemical under a range of temperatures and conditions
- Any stabilizers necessary for chemical stability
- Necessary details should the physical appearance of the chemical change occur
- Descriptions of all conditions which should be avoided
- All classes of incompatible materials
- Any known or anticipated hazardous decomposition products that could be produced under a range of circumstances
This section details the toxicological and health effects information of the chemical or indicates it is unavailable. When it is available, it may include likely forms of exposure, effects of exposure at different stages from immediate to chronic exposure, toxicity measurements, symptoms of exposure, and listings detailing if the chemical is registered with various federal agencies whom manage toxicological exposure.
This section details the environmental impact of the chemical if it were to be released into the environment. This information can include data from toxicity testing, any potential for the chemical to persist or degrade, bioaccumulation testing, any potential for the substance to move from the soil to the groundwater, and any other found adverse effects.
This section details proper practices for disposal, recycling, reclamation, and safe handling. In addition to referring to section 8, this section should detail recommended storage container(s) and conditions, proper disposal, any physical or chemical properties to observe while disposing, any special precautions for landfills or incinerations, and discouragement of disposal via sewage systems.
This section details proper transportation of the chemical presented on the SDS, however the transportation may occur. In this section may be found any identification numbers associated to the chemical, transportation hazards, environmental hazards that could arise, bulk transportation information, and any precautionary measures which should be taken for optimal safety.
This section details the safety, health, and environmental regulations from any national regulatory office specific to the chemical on the SDS.
This section details the date of preparation of the SDS, the known revision number, any alterations made since a prior revision, and any other information deemed useful.